Connect with us


Apple the brand that conquered the world



The story of Apple

Apple the brand that conquered the world. Undoubtedly, Apple is one of the most well-known brands, the study of its story brings many interesting points.

Apple the brand that conquered the world

Apple the brand that conquered the world which was originally known as Apple Computer, is a multinational company that operates in various fields including the production of electronic devices, personal computers, server production, and computer software. In addition, the mentioned company is one of the largest distributors of multimedia content. Apple has established agencies all over the world to sell its products, which are called App Stores. The main products of this company are the iPhone smartphone, iPad tablet, portable multimedia player, and Macintosh series computers.

At the begining of this article which is about Apple the brand that conquered the world we’re going to talk about Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak  who founded a company called Apple on April 1, 1976. The registration of this company was also done on the third day of January 1977 (13 January 1355) in Cupertino, California.

For three decades, the main activity of this company was the production of personal computers. In the meantime, products such as the Apple 2 computer, Macintosh and Power Mac were produced. At that time, the sale of these devices was not very favorable and until the 90s, Apple’s market share in the sale of personal computers was very low. Although Steve Jobs was one of the founders of Apple, he was fired from the company between 1985 and 1996. While he was not working at Apple, he founded another company called NeXT, which was eventually bought by Apple. After this incident, Jobs was again elected as the CEO of Apple.

With the introduction of the Apple multimedia player known as the iPod in 2001 and the creation of the iTunes Music Store in 2003, Apple has established itself as one of the top electronics manufacturers and one of the top sellers of multimedia content in the world. These factors caused the computer name to be removed from the end of the company’s name, and in 2007, the company’s name was changed to Apple.

The founding of Apple

If you are reading this article, which is about Aplle the brand that conquered the world, you should probably be considered one of the lovers or at least those interested in the world of technology. With these conditions, you must know that the story of most of the popular and big brands in the field of technology started from a legendary place called the garage of the house. Another thing that exists at the beginning of the story of these types of companies is the not-so-suitable conditions and the workforce of two or three people. But in the end, these beginnings end in a unique ending.

As we mentioned briefly in the introduction section, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak are known as the main founders of Apple; But in the meantime, we should not forget one of Steve’s friends named Ronald Wayne. If it wasn’t for Vienna, we might not have seen products like iPhone, iPad, or iMac today. Jobs convinced his friend Wayne to work as his and Steve Wozniak’s subordinate by receiving 10% of the shares of the newly founded company. But 12 days after this happened, Wayne sold his shares worth only $500. This stock is currently worth 72 billion dollars.

The founding of Apple – the meeting of Jobs and Wozniak

The Steves in the story met each other in one of the computer clubs. In this club, computer enthusiasts gathered in a garage in Menlopark, California. The two shared a common goal: to make computers simple for everyone.

The story of Apple

At that time, Wozniak had built his first computer. This computer had a keyboard similar to a typewriter and could be connected to a TV. Later, this computer was produced under the name of Apple One, and in fact, it should be considered a prototype of all modern computers. But Wozniak’s main goal was not to change the world, he was more interested in showing himself to others as someone who is able to produce the best possible product with the least resources.

Ronald Wayne

Before founding Apple, Wozniak was reluctant to show his computer to others. He was embarrassed and thought he knew very little about computer systems, so he decided not to introduce his machine to the club altogether. But thanks to Steve Jobs, who saw great potential in Wozniak’s computer, Wozniak relented. If Jobs had not met Wozniak, perhaps the computer built by Wozniak would never have been seen. Even in order to finance the production of this computer, Steve Jobs sold his Volkswagen. Wozniak also sold his HP calculator at that time, and finally, the two, together with Ronald Wayne, founded Apple Computer on April 1, 1976 (12 April 1355), a company that is now 42 years old.

Read More: Strange stories of the world of technology

Choosing the Apple name

Choosing the name of the Apple the brand that conquered the world is the issue in which we’re going to talk about. According to Wozniak’s interview published in Bytes magazine in December 1984, he attributed the idea of choosing the name Apple to Steve Jobs. Wozniak said in this interview: “Jobs occasionally gardened and grew his own organic produce. I think the name Apple came to him because of this or maybe it was the feedback of nature. Maybe this word suddenly inspired him for a moment. In any case, after the name Apple, we both tried to substitute other names; But in the end, none of us managed to find a better name than Apple.”

Selling Apple One computers

Wozniak built all the computers by hand, even though the price set for each Apple One computer was slightly more than the cost of buying its parts. If they managed to sell 50 Apple Ones, only their investment costs would be returned. But Steve Jobs had more ambitious dreams.

The price of Apple One was set at $666.66. The newly founded Apple managed to sign a contract with the Byte store located in Mountain View to produce 50 Apple One units at a price of $500 per unit. Apple was not able to produce more Apple One at that time. The Atari company, where Steve Jobs had a history of working, requested the desired amount in cash to sell each piece to him, and the bank also disqualified Jobs from receiving a loan. Although at that time, Steve Jobs had received an offer of 5 thousand dollars from the father of one of his friends; But this amount was not enough to provide the resources needed to build more Apple One computers.

The story of Apple

After preparing the Byte Store order, problems arose between the fledgling Apple Computer Company and the manager of the store, which ultimately led Steve Jobs to take another risk for success. In that situation, he promised to complete the manufactured computers and deliver them to the store in question on time. In fact, the Byte store did not have much hope of selling the Apple One prototype, and for this reason, in the conversations between the Byte shop manager and Steve Jobs, it was decided that this product would become a complete computer. It was around this time that Ronald Wayne became completely disillusioned with the company he had just founded with his friends and eventually left the company.

After his fiasco with the Byte store and his new commitments, Jobs worked hard with Wozniak and several friends and family to get the store’s change order on time. Young and motivated Steve did his job well and kept his promise. When the modified Apple Computer product was delivered to the Byte shop for the second time, Terrell, who managed the said store, was surprised by what he saw.

The product that Jobs and Wozniak had prepared was just a computer board that would not work without its prerequisites. Terrell couldn’t even test these boards and had to buy two converters. Since this product did not have a keyboard or display, it was not possible to transfer information to it without the necessary accessories. Even if a keyboard was added to this board, even with the great effort of a programmer, it would not be possible to program it; Because Jobs and Wozniak did not present the programming language on a cassette tape or a ROM memory chip. Another problem with this product was that there was no box for it.

The story of Apple

Terrell did not hope for this win either; But Jobs finally convinced him to fulfill the contract and pay the desired amount to the young Apple company. Finally, between 1976 and September 1977, 200 Apple One computers were produced. Considering that every 200 Apple One computers made were sold, this product can be considered a successful device. This computer made the fledgling Apple company experience a very impressive growth.

Apple computer 2

The story of Apple

In this part of the article which is about Apple the brand that conquered the world, we’re going to talk about Apple computer 2. In April 1977, the Apple II computer was introduced at the West Coast Computer Show. At that time, this product had shoulder-to-shoulder competition with giants such as Commodore PET. This machine, like its previous generation, was a pioneering machine that used color graphics and its memory was of a tape type, which was later upgraded to a 5.2-inch floppy. The Apple 2 could display images on an NTSC display with a true resolution of 280 x 192 pixels, which was amazing at the time, and this resolution was considered a high resolution.

The Apple 2 computer was a real invention. The author of Steve Jobs’ biography, Walter Isaacson, has said that the introduction of Apple 2 was the starting point of the personal computer industry. The problem, however, was the $1,300 price set for this computer, which did not seem reasonable considering its technical specifications. Of course, paying such a fee for users required a good reason. But Apple 2 had a very good feature that people had a good reason to buy this product due to this feature.

Visicalc software is a stimulus to increase the sales of Apple 2

A Harvard Business School student named Dan Bricklin provided a very good mental picture. He had the idea of a display in which numbers are visually visible and can be interacted with using a mouse and keyboard and various operations such as addition and subtraction can be performed on them. Of course, what came to Bricklin’s mind in the 1970s has appeared in today’s spreadsheet software such as Excel. Bricklin along with Bob Frankston developed VisiCalc software for Apple 2 within two months.

VisiCalc was introduced in 1979. The software was advertised as a magic screen capable of recalculating. Obviously, the release of the aforementioned software was one of the most important factors that contributed to the successful sale of the Apple 2 computer and made the company establish a solid foundation in the personal computer industry.

Before the official introduction of VisiCalc, an analyst named Benjamin M. Rosen, after a brief review of this software, expressed his opinion as follows: “VisiCalc is very powerful and complete, and its operation is easy and suitable, and these characteristics make this software probably one of the Become the best-selling software in history. In addition, the existence of such software helps to sell more computers.”

The story of Apple

Of course, there were other people at that time who didn’t think it was reasonable to buy Apple 2 just because of having the mentioned software. Among these people, we can mention Tim Berry, who thought it would be better if VisiCalc could run on CP/M computers so that its capabilities could be used on other systems.

Apple, Xerox, and one-button mouse

The two Steve stories targeted the big names in the industry with two personal computers produced in their company.

At that time, Xerox also established a research center called Xerox PARC in America. The center was built to investigate new technologies and helped advance technologies such as optical multimedia content, Ethernet, and laser printers that are used on a daily basis.

The story of Apple

Both the Apple One and the Apple 2 were text-based systems that were very similar to the early personal computers offered by IBM. But Steve Jobs wanted to make a device that had more sense. He convinced Xerox to give him access to Xerox PARC for three days along with some Apple employees. In return, Xerox bought 100,000 shares of Apple at a price of $10 per share before the company’s initial public offering, which brought high profits and low risk to Xerox. Jobs’ opinion changed when he saw a device called Alto. This machine was widely used in the Xerox research center and at that time it used a horizontal display and a graphical user interface. These two features made Alto ahead of others in its time. Xerox company produced a total of 2000 units of this product. Steve Jobs came to the conclusion that the computers produced by Apple should have a function similar to the product of Xerox.

Apple’s entry into the stock market

After Ford went public in 1956, the largest IPO (initial stock offering) was held by Apple in 1980. At that time, Apple entered the stock market with a value equal to 1.8 billion dollars, and this was enough to make more than 40 of the company’s 1,000 employees become millionaires overnight.

The story of Apple

The Apple 3 computer was also introduced in 1980 at a price between $4,340 and $7,800 and was supposed to be Apple’s flagship and business computer, but this did not happen due to the problems that arose for this product. As a reminder, it is not bad to mention that Apple 3 uses a processor with a working frequency of 2 MHz, and its RAM memory was considered to be 4 KB.

A year after Apple’s IPO, in 1981, IBM introduced a personal computer priced at $1,565. This product did not have significant technical specifications and because people did not care about these specifications, after two years it was able to take a significant share of Apple’s market. At the same time, Apple felt its first strong tremor. As a result, this company fired 40 of its employees, and changes were made in the positions of the main managers. In 1982, the young Microsoft company started making some software for Apple’s mysterious Mac project; But the Redmonds were simultaneously working on a graphical user interface (Windows) for IBM PCs.

The story of Apple

But in 1983, Apple also introduced a computer named Lisa with a price of $9,995. This product was actually the first commercial computer with a mouse and graphical user interface; But due to the high price, low speed, and lack of compatibility with other products, it could not be successful.

The birth of the Mac and the departure of Steve Jobs from Apple

Finally, in 1984, the long-awaited Mac personal computer was introduced. This personal computer uses 128 kilobytes of memory and its price was set at $2,495. Other features of the early Mac include its 8 MHz processor.

The story of Apple

But in 1985, after problems arose between Jobs and Scully (CEO of Pepsi, who took over as CEO of Apple), Steve Dastan resigned from Apple and founded a new company called Next (NeXT).

Things did not go well for Apple after Jobs’ resignation until in 1988 Apple sued Microsoft for infringing the audio and visual rights of the Lisa computer and using Apple’s achievements in Windows 2.0 due to the excessive decrease in Macintosh sales. 3 complained.

The story of Apple

It was in this year that Jobs introduced a new personal computer in the Next company. In 1988, Apple introduced only one product called Mac IIx, which had nothing to say against the product made by NeXT. The NextComputer was a 12-inch product that ran the Unix operating system. In addition, the court situation between Apple and Microsoft did not end in favor of Cupertino.

The story of Apple

In 1990, in response to criticism of the company’s high prices, Apple introduced three low-cost Mac models: the first model was the Mac Classic, priced at $999. The second model was called McLC and it was sold at the price of 2400 dollars, and finally, the third model was the Mac IIsi and it cost 3800 dollars. Despite the technical limitations of these three products, Apple managed to sell a large number of them and once again win back the trust of its investors.

In 1990, Apple also invested in Arm. This company paid 2.5 million dollars to ARM and acquired 43% of the shares of this CPU manufacturer. At the end of the 1990s, Apple sold its 43% stake in ARM at a price equal to 792 million dollars, and this caused the losses incurred by ARM to be compensated so the company could move away from its bad days.

Powerbook entered the market

Although Apple tried many times to produce a portable product, But this effort never came to fruition. But Apple did not give up and finally, in 1991, it introduced its first portable personal computer named Powerbook. This product is actually the first generation of products that we know today as MacBook. In that year, Apple unveiled three models: PowerBook 100, PowerBook 140, and PowerBook 170. These devices offered features like Mac, But their weight was low and this product eventually became a standard for portable computers.

The story of Apple

In 1991, Apple also cooperated with IBM and produced a multimedia engine, an operating system, and computers based on Motorola’s RISC processors.

After years of dominance of the Macintosh operating system, finally, in 1992, Microsoft was able to attract the opinion of many users with the release of Windows 3.1. At that time, Apple’s 15% share was rapidly slipping away from this company.

Of course, another important event happened to Apple in 1992, and that was the entry of a 25-year-old and creative designer named Jonathan Ive into the Cupertino industrial design group. He worked in the design of products such as MessagePad 110 and after 6 years at Apple, he became the main designer of the iMac. As we know, iMac was one of Apple’s turning points in the design of personal computers. Before the unveiling of the iMac, Steve Jobs returned to the company he founded with Apple’s acquisition of NeXT. The purchase of NeXT gave Apple the opportunity to use the company’s significant improvements in the field of software, which resulted in fundamental and positive changes in the Mac operating system.

iMac, redefining the desktop computer

The age of computers connected to the Internet for most people is associated with the blue Apple iMac. This personal computer was priced at $1,299 and was one of the fastest Mac series computers introduced by Apple.

The story of Apple

MacOS X strategy is defined. At Apple’s World Developers Conference, Steve Jobs announced to developers that Mac OS 8.5 is a truly advanced operating system that provides great features to users.

The story of Apple

After the success of the iMac in 1998, Apple also applied an update to its portable computers. In 99, Apple unveiled a product called iBook.

Dual iPod and iTunes and the revolution in the world of music

In 2001, 4 years after the infrastructural changes of Steve Jobs in Apple, this company introduced a revolutionary product called the iPod, which with its price of 399 dollars uses 5 gigabytes of internal storage memory and could hold 1000 MP3 audio files. But at that time, few people thought that this product could completely revolutionize not only Apple but also the music industry.

Simultaneously with the introduction of the iPod, Apple released a new version of the MacOS X operating system. In this version, features that Mac users have been waiting for for a long time were added, including multitasking, multi-processing activity, etc. Of course, the original version of OAS X was not yet ready for public release.

The story of Apple

But it was in 2002 that MacOS X 10.2 was prepared by Apple under the code name Jaguar. Apple has implemented many improvements in this version, including the addition of email, iChat, address book, Inkwell, Quicktime 6 with support for MPEG-4 format, improved universal access, optimized search section, Sherlock 3, Quartz Extreme, And Rendezvous pointed out.

This version of OAS X was one of the turning points of this operating system and one of the important factors in attracting users’ attention to Apple’s desktop platform. In 2003, one of the most important products of Apple, the iTunes store, was unveiled. After the success that the Cupertinos achieved with the release of the iPod, the company decided to establish the music store Itinos; A virtual store where more than 200 thousand songs were available to users. At that time, users had to pay 99 cents to access each song.

The story of Apple

In 2003, Apple also revolutionized the laptop industry by introducing the world’s first 17-inch notebook. In addition, the 12-inch Apple Powerbook model was introduced this year, which was considered the smallest laptop made by this company until then.

iPhone and the beginning of Apple’s dominance

In 2007, one of the most historic moments was spent in Apple. In this year, the first generation of the iPhone smartphone was introduced by Steve Jobs, the creative brain of Apple. This product is considered one of the most revolutionary technology products in history. With the introduction of the iPhone, the relationship between mobile operators and phone manufacturers entered a new phase.

The story of Apple

It is safe to say that the birth of the iPhone is a turning point in the history of the technology world. With the iPhone, Apple brought down many giants in the field of mobile phones such as Nokia and ended the monotony of competitors such as Microsoft. The iPhone has been Apple’s main product for more than a decade, so that most of the company’s income comes from iPhone sales.

The story of Apple

Three years later, in 2010, Steve Jobs introduced the first iPad tablet, which revolutionized the field once again. If iPhones and iPads are not more important than Apple Macs, they are certainly not less important.

In addition, by introducing the iCloud cloud service, Apple made this technology available to ordinary users in its own way. As we know, cloud services similar to iCloud are provided by many companies today. Although Apple was not the first company active in the field of cloud services, it played a very important role in presenting and introducing this service to ordinary users.

But finally 2011 came. A year that was perhaps one of the saddest times for many Apple fans. Steve Jobs died this year, just one day after the introduction of the iPhone 4S at the age of 56.

The story of Apple

In 2013, during the World Developers Conference, Apple unveiled the new and completely redesigned Mac Pro. This product was small and its black color and cylindrical shape attracted the attention of many desktop users. This model was improved in many ways compared to the previous models and was sold from December of the same year at a price of $2,999. Although the Mac Pro price is very high, we must note that Apple has produced this product for professional users.

The story of Apple

Apple’s next revolutionary product in the gadget market was the Apple Watch, which was introduced in 2014 by Tim Cook. In introducing this product, they introduced it as a tool to control health and fitness. The first version of Apple Watch was released on April 24, 2015, and three versions have been introduced to date. As the most valuable company in the world, Apple has an annual income of about 220 billion dollars, of which 48 billion is reported as net income. The company has 123,000 employees around the world and its stock value also sees many jumps every day.

This company recently became the first American company with a market value of one trillion dollars. Thanks to a jump in the value of its shares, the Cupertinos managed to achieve such an achievement ahead of Amazon, the online retail giant of the world of technology, as the company’s closest competitor. We note that contrary to public opinion, Apple is not the first trillion dollar company in the world; Because PetroChina achieved this figure for a short time in 2007.

The surge in Cupertino’s stock came a day after it reported better-than-expected financial results for the third quarter of 2018. During this time, the giant of the technology world reached a profit of 11.5 billion dollars from an income of 53.3 billion dollars, and this issue increased the value of its shares to such an extent that the market value of this company simply jumped from 935 billion dollars to 1 trillion dollars.


China will land Mars earlier than the U.S




China will land Mars earlier than America

China will land Mars earlier than the U.S. It seems that China’s daring mission to Mars is supposed to bring samples of soil and rock from the red planet years before NASA.

China will land Mars earlier than the U.S

Will China land Mars earlier than the U.S? As part of its goal to become a superpower in space and compete directly with NASA, China is making great strides in this direction.
In addition to developing the Tiangong space station and building its own International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), China is planning to send manned missions to Mars in the next decade.
In preparation for the arrival of its astronauts on the Red Planet, the country is preparing to return samples of Martian soil and rock to Earth, and plans almost two years before NASA and the European Space Agency’s mission to return Mars samples to Earth.
It will be the third mission in the Tianwen program, known as Tianwen-3 by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), and will include a pair of launches in 2028 that will bring samples back to Earth in July 2031.
According to a new study recently published in the journal China Science Bulletin, Chinese scientists have announced that they have developed a new numerical model to simulate the Martian atmosphere. Known as the “Global Open Planet Atmosphere Model for Mars” known as GoPlanet-Mars or GoMars, the model will provide research support for the preparation of the Tianwen-3 mission.
This article titled “Development of a new generation of GoPlanet-Mars atmosphere model” by the researchers of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IAP-CAS), the State Key Laboratory of Numerical Simulation of Atmospheric Sciences and Geohydrodynamics (LASG) and the Faculty of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the university Prepared by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (SEPS-UCAS).
The study was led by CAS-IAP senior researcher Wang Bin, who specializes in climate modeling.
In the past two decades, the number of missions and space agencies involved in Mars exploration has increased significantly. Currently, 10 robotic missions are exploring the surface and atmosphere of Mars, including seven orbiters, two rovers and one helicopter, and considering that a large number of missions to Mars, including manned missions, are planned in the next decade, the demand For Martian weather forecasting is on the rise.
As Chinese researchers report in their paper, the world’s aerospace powers have created models of the Martian atmosphere to protect missions to land on Mars and explore it.
To provide information about the meteorological conditions around potential landing sites for the Tianwen-3 mission, the researchers built a global open planetary atmosphere model for Mars.
They then used this model to replicate the three life cycles in the Martian atmosphere, including dust, water, and carbon dioxide. They then developed their model using the open access Mars Remote Soundings (OpenMARS) mission dataset and a global record of Martian climate from 1999 to 2015 with observations made by the Zhurong rover. ) China (part of the Tianwen-1 mission) and NASA’s Viking 1 and 2 lander.
Their results showed that the GoMars model successfully reproduced the unique features of the Martian surface pressure and provided good simulation performance for surface temperature, zonal wind, polar ice, and dust.
According to Wang, the Tianwen-3 mission, with more tasks than Tianwen-1, including landing, sampling and bringing samples back to Earth, will require detailed information about the Martian atmosphere. This is significant given that dust storms on Mars have killed several missions such as Opportunity, Insight, and Jurong, all of which were stopped due to dust accumulation on their solar panels.  
In addition, the Perseverance rover damaged one of its wind sensors during a sandstorm due to airborne pebbles.
Since observational data for Mars is scarce, the new Chinese model is also applicable for virtual reality simulation. This is essential when preparing missions to distant planets, as it helps those involved in designing suitable vehicles and choosing suitable landing sites.
From this perspective, a “virtual Mars” program that includes GoMars and future observations could take a lot of the guesswork out of planning future missions.
Since the 1960s, when the Soviet and American space programs began sending probes to Mars, scientists have developed models of the Martian atmosphere in hopes of overcoming the “Mars Curse.” Now with an increasing number of countries sending missions to Mars, the need to model the Red Planet’s climate has become even more important.
Martian dust and weather can have a significant impact on orbit entry, deceleration, and landing. They can also affect surface operations, particularly those involving solar panels, communications and sensitive instrumentation.
They can also become problematic during the ascent phase, where missions attempt to climb back up to Mars orbit and eventually return to Earth.

As Wang said in an interview with Xinhua news agency, the dust cycle on Mars is as important as the water cycle on Earth. GoMars can be used to simulate the pre- and post-sleep dust activity of a rover, which can provide atmospheric data to analyze possible causes.

For example, GoMars can simulate the temperature of the landing zone, and scientists can use this data to design materials suitable for making rovers to withstand extreme cold.

Early in the next decade, NASA and the European Space Agency also plan to send a Mars Sample Retrieval (MSR) mission to Earth to retrieve samples obtained by the Endurance rover. The mission includes a NASA sample recovery lander, two sample collection helicopters, a Mars ascent vehicle and an ESA-built return orbiter.

NASA and the European Space Agency currently do not expect the mission to launch before 2033, when NASA’s first crewed mission to Mars leaves Earth. Clearly, this new space race goes beyond the race to reach the moon and now includes reaching Mars.

Continue Reading


Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 5 review, price and specifications




Galaxy Z Fold 5

Is the Galaxy Fold 5 really a big upgrade over last year’s Fold 4? In this article, the Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 5 phone is presented along with the price and technical specifications of this phone.

Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 5 review, price and specifications

Galaxy Z Fold 5

Important Notes:

  • The Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 5 showcases Samsung’s innovation in the foldable smartphone segment with significant improvements in design and performance. It caters to tech enthusiasts and professionals who prioritize innovation and productivity.
  • Acting as a promising multitasking hub that bridges the gap between tablet and smartphone, the device offers a sleek design, gapless flex hinge, dual Dynamic AMOLED display and powerful Snapdragon 8 Gen 2 chipset.
  • Potential buyers who value camera excellence and a powerful app ecosystem may find more satisfaction in other top-of-the-line smartphones or by waiting for further developments in the foldable market. Potential price and potential durability concerns are also factors to consider.

We got our first look at Samsung’s foldable smartphone ambitions just four years ago. In the years since, we’ve seen a lot of interest in this form factor with companies like Oppo, Xiaomi, Vivo, and even Google. With that initial Galaxy Fold, Samsung was determined to pioneer the industry. But now, in 2023, with the Galaxy Z Fold 5, the company seems to be getting comfortable with its reign as the industry leader and looks set to deliver an iterative update to the Fold4 – Which was already only a minor improvement over the Fold3.

The Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 5 is a testament to Samsung’s innovation in the foldable smartphone segment, and despite its high price tag, it offers significant improvements in design and performance. Primarily for tech enthusiasts and professionals who prioritize a combination of innovation and productivity, it offers a promising multitasking hub that bridges the gap between a tablet and a smartphone. However, potential buyers who value camera excellence and a mature app ecosystem may find more satisfaction in other premium smartphones or by waiting for further developments in the folding market.
Brand: Samsung
Screen: 7.6 inches
Rome: 12
Storage: 256/512GB/1TB
Battery: 4400 mAh
Operating system: Android
Camera (rear, front): 50 MP + 12 MP ultra-wide
Front camera: 10 megapixels
Screen type: AMOLED 2X
Main camera: 50 megapixels
Wide angle camera: 12 megapixels
Cover screen: 6.2 inches
Internal display: 7.6 inches

Reasons to buy Galaxy Z Fold 5?

  • Excellent performance
  • Hinge finally without gap
  • Battery life is on par with regular smartphones
  • Excellent software update policy

Reasons to avoid buying Galaxy Z Fold 5?

  • Expensive
  • No expandable memory
  • No dust resistance

Read more: Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 5 vs Galaxy Z Fold 4

Galaxy Z Fold 5 phone design

At a glance, you’d be hard-pressed to find any noticeable difference between the new Galaxy Fold5 and the Fold4 or Fold3. However, there are some key improvements that could make this iteration a more polished and accurate experience.

Galaxy Z Fold 5

A major addition this year is the gapless flex hinge, which allows the device to fold almost completely flat without creating a gap between the two halves. This not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of the device, but also increases its durability and protects the internal screen from dust and debris. The flex hinge also enables the device to lie flat and be held between 75 and 115 degrees, giving the flex mode a sense of versatility, especially when using the rear cameras to capture photos and videos.

Having used the Fold3 for the better part of two years, the addition of this new hinge design makes using the internal display much more enjoyable as it reduces the visibility of the crease and also makes the overall device fit better in your pocket. .

The Galaxy Z Fold 5’s new hinge allows it to be slimmer, lighter and more portable than its predecessor.

Galaxy Z Fold 5

Z Fold 5 is 6.1 mm thick when unfolded and 13.4 mm when folded. At 253 grams, this new Galaxy Fold is 10 grams lighter than the Galaxy Z Fold 4. In use, this reduced weight and thickness makes the Z Fold 5 feel much closer to a typical slab-style smartphone, and it’s a step in the right direction to reduce the overall footprint of these larger, book-style foldables, which can be overwhelming for many. be stuck

Galaxy Z Fold 5

Aside from these key differences, it’s true that the Galaxy Fold 5 remains largely unchanged from last year’s model, but that’s no bad thing. It’s still IPX8-rated and water-resistant up to 1.5 meters for 30 minutes, and it still has that satin finish on the glass back panel that not only feels amazing in the hand, but looks just as good. It seems You can choose it in phantom black, cream or ice blue.

However, being so similar, the Galaxy Z Fold 5 still suffers from the permanent design limitations of its form factor. Remarkable, controllable, dust resistant and long lasting.

In terms of handling, I’d say the Z Fold 5 offers a mixed experience. Folded, it gives you a sense of confidence when you pick it up, as it’s not as thin as a regular smartphone. However, due to the choice of satin glass back material, the phone is quite slippery and has fallen out of my hand or pocket many times.

Galaxy Z Fold 5

Another problem that plagues the Z Fold 5 is the lack of dust resistance. This isn’t a criticism of the Z Fold 5 alone, but of folding devices as a whole. However, it is still worth noting, especially when considering long-term use. The mechanical aspect of having a hinge is always going to be a durability concern, but there is one positive here. The Z Fold 5’s virtually gapless hinge ensures that the internal screen is protected from trapped dust particles more than before, which is great.

Finally, an important purchasing decision to consider is the lifespan of a device like the Z Fold 5. These devices are heavier, have more surface area, and have moving parts, making them more prone to falls. These physical aspects are things traditional phones don’t really need, but when you’re paying $1,800 for a device, chances are you’re not going to upgrade every year or even every two years.

My Galaxy Z Fold 3 has been with me for nearly two years now and over time, I unfortunately developed a hairline crack on the inner display glass from daily use. That doesn’t mean everyone’s experience will be the same, but the long-term usability of this form factor compared to traditional smartphones is still unclear.


The Galaxy Z Fold 5 has two displays: a 6.2-inch cover display and a 7.6-inch main display. Both displays have Dynamic AMOLED panels with a refresh rate of 120 Hz, which provide smooth and vibrant images. The screen cover is long and narrow, which makes it easy to hold, but limits its usability for some tasks like watching most YouTube videos, but for things like watching Instagram Reels/TikToks, widescreen movies, and great TV shows. he does.

The main screen is large and almost square, making it ideal for multitasking and media consumption, although due to the aspect ratio, the screen visible for watching video is only slightly larger than the largest slab phones.

Galaxy Z Fold 5

The Galaxy Z Fold 5 also supports the S Pen, which can be used to write, draw and move on the main screen. However, the S Pen is sold separately and does not have a built-in slot on the device. You have to buy a special case or carry the S Pen separately, which can be inconvenient, and the S Pen only works on the main display, not the cover display.


When it comes to the Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 5’s camera experience, it’s hard to find immediate fault, but it’s a bit of a stretch to say it’s a top contender in terms of camera quality. The Galaxy Fold 5 has the same rear camera array that you’ve found on the non-Ultra Galaxy S series of phones over the past few years.

Galaxy Z Fold 5

The triple rear camera consists of a 50-megapixel wide-angle camera, a 10-megapixel telephoto camera, and a 12-megapixel ultra-wide camera. The wide-angle camera has optical image stabilization (OIS) and two-pixel autofocus, and the telephoto camera has 3x optical zoom with OIS. Finally, the ultra-wide camera has a 123-degree field of view, allowing you to capture more of the scene in one frame.

The selfie camera on the cover screen is a 10-megapixel sensor, while the internal screen camera is a 4-megapixel sensor hidden under the display.

In terms of video, you can shoot in 8K at 30 fps, 4K at 60 fps, and 1080p at 60 or 240 fps.

Using these cameras in various lighting scenarios, a few things stood out to me. First, Samsung’s image processing has become much more consistent than in years past, and I don’t mind them using the same sensors year after year if it means better software optimization. But it can definitely be said that the Galaxy Fold 5’s cameras aren’t the latest and greatest from the company.

Galaxy Z Fold 5

Under the right light, the Z Fold 5 produces stunning photos. Samsung’s color science has been steadily improving over the years and it really shows. Photos look more realistic, but have Samsung’s signature highlights and vibrancy, especially with warmer colors. Another thing to note is that the look of photos remains generally consistent across all rear sensors, which is also great to see.

So you might ask, what makes the Z Fold 5’s cameras second to devices like the S23 Ultra?

The two main things that differentiate the camera experience between the Z Fold 5 and the Samsung Ultra are low-light performance and autofocus. Even though you can expect consistent results with the Z Fold 5’s camera in bright light, the same can’t be said for low-light shots. Detail and sharpness are drastically reduced, and when the phone’s processing tries to compensate by dialing up the sharpness, you’re left with a less-than-ideal grainy mess.

Continue Reading


Recording the first direct image of a black hole emitting a powerful jet




Recording the first direct image of a black hole emitting a powerful jet

Recording the first direct image of a black hole emitting a powerful jet. Astronomers have captured the first direct image of an exploding black hole.

Recording the first direct image of a black hole emitting a powerful jet

Astronomers have captured the first direct image of a black hole as it erupts in a powerful fountain. This is the same black hole that mankind saw its image for the first time.

Now this new image shows the supermassive black hole at the heart of the galaxy Messier 87 (M87) as it emits a powerful jet.

This image shows for the first time how an astrophysical jet traveling at close to the speed of light is attached to matter orbiting a super black hole. A process that astronomers call “accretion”.

Of course, previous images of the central superblack hole of the M87 galaxy had managed to capture the fountain emitted by it and the superblack hole itself, but so far had not captured these two features together.

“This new image completes the picture by simultaneously showing the region around the black hole and this fountain,” said Jae Yong Kim, a member of the research team from Kyungpuk National University in South Korea and the Max Planck Institute.

The first historical image of the central black hole M87, which has a mass of 6.5 billion times that of the Sun and is located 55 million light-years from Earth, was captured by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) in 2017 and unveiled two years later.

This new image of M87 and its outflow was created using 2018 data from the GMVA telescope, the Greenland telescope, and the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), which worked together to form an Earth-sized array. give Most or all large galaxies are believed to host superblack holes at their cores, and some of these giants, such as the black hole at the center of M87, consume large amounts of matter in the form of gas, dust, and even nearby stars.

Recording the first direct image of a black hole emitting a powerful jet

As a result, these hungry monsters are exploding and spewing out powerful fountains of matter traveling at near-light speeds that can travel thousands of light-years and extend, sometimes beyond the boundaries of their host galaxies. they are going. However, how superblack holes do this is still not fully understood.

“We know that jets are ejected from the region around black holes, but we still don’t fully understand how this happens,” said study team member Ruo-Shen Lu from the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory. To study this directly, we need to observe the source of the fountain as close to the black hole as possible.

In addition to showing the fountain as it emerges from the superblack hole, this new image also shows what scientists call the black hole’s shadow.

As the matter orbits the superblack hole at near-light speed thanks to the immense gravitational pull of this cosmic monster, the matter heats up and glows.

The new image of the super black hole M87 differs from the EHT telescope image in that it shows the region at longer wavelengths of light, which affects what astronomers can see in the region.

“At this wavelength, we can see how the fountain exits the emission ring around the central superblack hole,” says Thomas Krichbaum of the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy.

The size of the black hole ring in this new image is also 50% larger than the EHT image. According to the scientists, this difference showed that the M87 superblack hole is gobbling up material at a faster rate than previously thought.

Read More: The release of the clearest images ever recorded from the moon of Mars

In addition, the sensitivity of ALMA, which consists of 66 antennas in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile, and the GLT and GMVA telescopes, which consist of 14 radio telescopes in Europe and North America, allowed astronomers to use a process called interferometry used to synchronize the signals and correctly reveal the black hole’s shadow and observe greater depth in the fountain’s emission.

Using this network of telescopes, astronomers will now work to better understand how hungry superblack holes throw off powerful fountains of matter. These simultaneous observations allow the research group to tease apart the complex processes that occur near the superblack hole.

“We plan to observe the region around the black hole at the center of M87 at different radio wavelengths to further study the emission of this fountain,” says Eduardo Ross of the Max Planck Institute. It’s exciting because you can learn more about what’s going on near one of the world’s most mysterious regions.

The research of this group has recently been published online in the journal Nature.

Continue Reading