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Kansai International Airport, Japan

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Kanzai International Airport
Kansai Airport, located in Osaka Bay, Japan, is one of the most amazing man-made structures on the seabed. How did the Japanese manage to build such a structure?

Kansai International Airport, Japan; An artificial terminal on the sea

Osaka Kansai Airport is built on an artificial island in Osaka Bay. This airport was opened in 1994 and its development operation was completed in 2007. It goes without saying that the construction of this airport was by no means an easy task; Although the Japanese are known to do difficult and regular engineering projects in the world. Two mountains were completely razed to the ground for the construction of the island, and according to the Civil Engineering Institute, this airport became the most expensive construction project in the world at the time of its completion.

Osaka Kanzai Airport

Despite the amazing engineering achievements such as withstanding earthquakes and strong storms that have been proven by the construction of this structure, in recent years structural problems have emerged in this island airport, most importantly the island is settling at a faster rate than originally predicted, and this has led to It has led to problems such as frequent flooding.

In this article, we will go into details about the background of the airport, construction operations, operation, and of course the future plans of the Japanese government for its development. By reading this article, you can learn about one of the most admirable civil engineering projects in human history, and of course, one of the most amazing airports in the world.

The initial idea for the construction of the airport

Need to build an airport in Osaka

In the 1960s and 1970s, several important events led to the construction of the airport. The first case was the decrease in the share of Osaka and Kobe in the trade market and the prosperity of business in Tokyo. The proposal to build Tokyo’s second airport called Narita was proposed in 1966 and its construction was completed in 1978. Many exporters had to use Tokyo airports instead of local airports to send their goods abroad.

The second case was the low capacity of Osaka’s first airport, Itami. Itami Airport is located in one of the densely populated suburbs of the Osaka metropolitan area. This airport was opened in 1939 and was first used by the Japanese army; But after World War II, the United States Army also used this airport. Since 1959, Itami Airport has been used for civilian purposes, and by carrying out development projects, it became one of the central hubs of international airlines in a short period of time.

Japan’s aviation industry experienced unprecedented growth within 20 to 30 years and since the 60s, the capacity of the Osaka airport alone did not meet the high volume of demand. Due to the location of Itami in the center of a densely populated area, there was no more space for the development of the airport. On the other hand, the noise pollution of the airport and the protests of residents of residential areas caused more problems for the only airport in Osaka. In the 1970s, Itami Airport reached its maximum capacity, and the officials concluded that Osaka needed a new airport.

Choosing a place to build

The construction of the artificial island was not the first option of the airport designers. In the initial plan, it was proposed to build an airport near the port city of Kobe. The construction of the airport in this place could be useful for both cities due to the existence of extensive communication infrastructure. In addition, Kobe did not have an airport. However, the city of Kobe opposed the construction of the airport in this place and the designers had to look for another place to build their airport.

Having learned from the problems encountered for Itami Airport, the designers were looking for a location far from urban areas. In this case, the construction site could advance the construction operation 24 hours a day. Also, the problems encountered in the design of Narita Airport in Tokyo were also one of the main influencing factors in choosing the location of the new Osaka Airport.

In the 1960s, public protests intensified by Osaka residents and landowners, who claimed that they were not consulted during the airport’s design process. On the other hand, the left-wing parties opposed the construction of this airport due to the concern about the expansion of the capitalist system in Japan and greater alliance with the United States of America

The Ministry of Transport of Japan, after reviewing six proposals for the construction of an airport in the sea, decided to build an artificial airport island in Osaka Bay south of the city. In the proposed plan, the island was 4 kilometers long and 2.5 kilometers wide, and it was built at a distance of 5 kilometers from the coast.

The construction of the airport required advanced and complex engineering; Because this airport had to be resistant to earthquakes, storms, and floods. After the approval of the proposed design, the construction of the island started in 1987.

Kanzai International Airport

History of construction of artificial islands in Japan

The idea of ​​building such a large island in a relatively deep bay (the water depth in Osaka Bay reaches 18 meters and its bed is made of soft clay to a depth of 30 meters) may seem ambitious. But Japan has a long history of building artificial land in water or so-called land reclamation; Because land is expensive and scarce in many areas of Japan.

The history of artificial land construction in Osaka Bay dates back to the Edo period (1600-1867 AD) when the land built in the sea was used to plant rice in the coastal plains. However the construction of artificial ground in Japan accelerated after the end of World War II; Because of the rapid increase in Japan’s economic growth, there was a great demand for new land. According to the statistics of the Japan Real Estate Center Construction Company, 0.5% of the land area of ​​Japan is artificial and reclaimed in the sea.

The construction of the airport started in 1987. First of all, the airport land had to be built inside the seawater. The construction of the artificial island took three years, and in order to obtain the required materials, two mountains located near the site of the airport were completely razed to the ground. The airport is actually built on two islands, each of which has a runway and a terminal. Although the construction of the entire airport structure started in 1987; But the first priority of the contractors was to complete Island No. 1, which was completed in 1994. The completion of the construction of the second island took until 2007. The first island with an area of ​​511 hectares is slightly smaller than the second island with 535 hectares.

The main challenge in building the islands was not the depth of the water but the conditions of the sea bed. The bed of Okasa Bay consists of soft clay, which is also called alluvial clay, and 70% of it is water.

To solve this problem, engineers used the sand drying method. In this method, deep tubes are lowered into the seabed, tubes filled with dry sand. When the pipes are removed from the seabed, the sand columns left behind absorb water from the clay and reduce its ability to shrink. By adding more weight of sand, more clay moisture is absorbed into the sand columns. 2 million sand columns were used to stabilize the Kanzai airport bed.

Despite the measures taken in the field of stabilization and strengthening of the seabed, the island and the airport built on it have settled over time. The creators of the project consulted with several experts to solve this issue, and finally, some estimates were prepared about the amount of airport settlement. According to reports from the University of California, San Jose, the estimates provided by the experts had predicted ground subsidence between 6 and 8 meters after the construction of the airport, so the engineers took the most pessimistic estimate and proceeded with the construction of the project, but as it turned out later, this strategy basically failed. It was wrong.

Construction of an airport on the Japanese island of Kanzai in the sea

After stabilizing the land, the next step was to build a sea wall and fill the reclaimed land. Around the construction site of the island, 69 large metal enclosures were built, and then the space between these enclosures was filled with 48,000 tetrapods. A Tetrapod is a special concrete structure designed to protect structures against waves and surges by dispersing the force of advancing water.

In the next step, the central space of the island was filled with stones. For this work, 430 million cubic meters of stone were used. This amount of stone was extracted from three nearby mountains at a distance of 10 to 30 kilometers from the airport construction site. One of the important points in the construction of the island was its final height. This height should have been calculated based on the estimates of the amount of sedimentation of the clay layer of the seabed. Of course, the subsidence of the bed layer would stop after some time, but the final amount of ground subsidence was not known to anyone.

According to the reports of Geotechnics and Geoenvironment magazine, the final height selected for the first island was 36.7 meters from the seabed, and for the second island, it was 40 to 43 meters.

The construction work of the airport and terminal facilities of the first island began in 1991 and after the completion of the revitalization of the first island. It should be mentioned that in the first stage, the goal was to build only one runway and one terminal. An Italian architect named Renzo Piano was commissioned to design the main building of Terminal 1. Piano had previously designed the Georges Pompidou National Center for Arts and Culture in Paris. Among his other works, we can mention the Potsdamer Platz square in Berlin and the pyramid-shaped Shard tower in London.

Terminal 1 of Kansai Airport is 1.7 kilometers long, and in this respect, it is called the longest terminal in the world. However, some of the world’s major airport terminals are higher than Kansai Terminal 1 in terms of total area, including the largest terminal in the world, Daxing Airport Terminal. pointed out in the city of Beijing. In the early stages of the construction of the airport structure, the Japanese government intended to shorten the length of the terminal to save costs; But Renzo Piano insisted on building the terminal based on the original plans.

The structural load of the terminal is supported by height-adjustable columns. The design of these columns is such that they compensate for the change in height caused by the settlement of the airport. This work is made possible by placing additional metal plates under the base of the column. The roof of the terminal has a shape similar to an airfoil. This design not only reminds passengers of the shape of an airplane wing; Rather, it helps the smooth passage of air currents over the roof of the terminal.

Kanzai International Airport, Japan

In addition to the island and the airport building, the construction of a communication road between the island and the mainland had to be done. For this purpose, a 3.7-kilometer bridge called the Kanzai International Airport Access Bridge was built. This bridge connects the island to the Rinko section. Rinko is one of the parts of the urban district of Osaka, which itself was built in the 1990s on reclaimed land.

The connecting bridge of Kanzai Airport is a two-story bridge with 6 car lanes, and two rail lines are also built on its lower floor. The construction of this bridge began in 1987 and was completed in 1994 at a cost of one billion dollars.

Kanzai Sea Bridge, Japan

Considering the experience of building Tokyo airport and the protests and disturbances that occurred during that project, the officials decided to take all possible measures to prevent a similar incident. Although they were largely successful in doing this by choosing the location of the airport, which was far from densely populated residential areas; But there were still problems along the way of the project. The most important objections to the project came from the local fishing industry; Because after the completion of the construction and operation of the airport, the work of local fishermen was disturbed. However, these protests were ended by an agreement to pay damages to the fishermen. However, there were protests in stone mining workshops, and during these protests, 24 attacks were reported on these workshops.

Construction stages of Kanzai Airport in Japan

The construction of the terminal and the second runway started in 2003. The reason for the delay in starting the second phase of the airport was that the airport contractor could measure the subsidence of the islands during this period. Before the start of the construction of the second landing strip, the issue of the meeting of the islands was more and more in the spotlight; However, due to the completion of Kansai Airport’s capacity during peak hours, the construction of the second landing strip was prioritized, but the construction of the second terminal was delayed.

The construction of the second runway was completed in 2009. This landing strip with a length of 4 kilometers is longer than the first landing strip with a length of 3500 meters. Terminal number two was put into operation in 2012. The building of the second terminal is simpler and more straightforward than the first terminal, it has only one floor and does not have a jet bridge or a bridge connecting to the aircraft. This terminal is specially designed for low-cost flights, where boarding and take-off fees are lower than in Terminal 1.

After the operation of the landing strip and the first terminal of Kansai Airport, more development and repair work was done on the structure of the airport and the island, especially the sea wall. When engineers realized that the airport was sinking faster than estimated, work began on raising the height of the seawall at a cost of $150 million.

Also, more plans have been proposed for the development of the airport, including the construction of a third runway and a cargo terminal. However, these plans have not been implemented yet.

Terminal 2 of Kanzai Airport, Japan

Osaka Kansai Airport was put into operation on September 4, 1994. Actually, on this date, only the runway and the first terminal were put into operation; This was while the construction of the second island, followed by the runway and the second terminal, continued. It didn’t take long for Kansai Airport to become the main hub for international flights, while Osaka’s Itami Airport was dedicated to domestic flights only.

But in the first months of the airport’s operation, the high tariffs shocked the airlines. According to a New York Times report in 1993, the Japanese government had increased land rent and airport tariffs to recover the 14 billion dollar cost of building this airport.

The amount of airport tariffs and navigation of Kansai Airport was unique in the world at the time. For example, the cost of landing a Boeing 747 was around 10 thousand dollars. This was while the cost of landing this plane at John F. It was $2,500 in New York and $8,500 in Tokyo’s Narita Airport.

Map of Osaka Kansai International Airport, Japan

Since 1994, Itami Airport has been dedicated to domestic flights only, although there were exceptions; Including charter and special or VIP flights. In order to increase flights at Kansai Airport, the Japanese government imposed restrictions on the operations of Itami Airport; Including the restriction that since 2006, only two-engine planes were allowed to land at Itami Airport.

In 2012, the management of Itami and Kansai airports were merged, however, the management of these two airports was still under the control of the Japanese government. This work improved the services of the two airports, including the operation of inter-airport bus routes and the reduction of Kansai Airport flight tariffs. In 2016, a Japanese private consortium named Kansai Airports won the tender for the operation of Itami and Kansai airports, and the management of these two airports was entrusted to this consortium by the Japanese government for 45 years. In 2018, the operation of Kobe Airport was also added to this contract.

The capacity of the airport to move cargo and passengers

In 2019, Kanzai Airport was the third busiest airport in Japan and the 30th busiest airport in Asia. According to the information published by this airport’s website, the volume of passengers and cargo moved at Osaka Kansai Airport is as follows:

  • Number of transferred passengers: 28.8 million people, of which 22 million were international passengers
  • The volume of transported cargo: 757 thousand tons

For comparison, consider that in 2018, Narita Airport in the Japanese capital handled 33.4 million passengers and 2.2 million tons of cargo, according to Japanese government data. Maybe Kanzai Airport is not the busiest airport in Asia or Japan, But it can be said that it is one of the most popular destinations for travelers. In 2020, Kansai Airport was ranked the 10th most popular airport in the world and the second most popular airport in the category of medium-sized airports in the list of the best airports in the world. This airport has also won the award for the best airport crew and the best baggage delivery process among all airports in the world.

Kansai International Airport

Coping with hurricanes and earthquakes

The most important point that was considered in the design and construction of Kansai Airport was the severe weather hazards in Japan and the need to protect the airport in these conditions. Perhaps the biggest test that the airport design went through was in January 1995, just one year after the airport was opened when a severe earthquake struck the area. The Kobe earthquake, also known as the Great Hanshin earthquake, was the most severe earthquake in Japan since 1923 and killed 6,000 people. The epicenter of this earthquake was located 20 kilometers away from the airport, and although it caused a lot of damage to buildings further away, almost no damage was done to the airport. Experts attribute this success against the 7-magnitude earthquake to the sliding joints that have been used throughout the airport building.

Hanshin Awai earthquake in Japan

Also, in the past years, Kansai Airport has survived big storms, for example, in 1998, a powerful storm hit the airport with a speed of 210 km/h. In 2018, another terrible typhoon called Typhoon Jebi hit the Osaka area and Kansai Airport. This was the strongest typhoon in Japan since 1993, which caused widespread damage in the Kansai area.

Typhoon Jabi caused high waves in the sea and overflowing of water from the top of the sea walls of the airport, resulting in flooding of the runway, and a tanker ship hitting the airport access bridge caused damage to this bridge. After Typhoon Jabi, it took more than a month for the airport to fully return to operational mode. Although typhoon Jebi was a severe and rare weather hazard, it raised discussions about the problems related to the amount of settlement of the islands and the reduction of the height of the airport.

Is the airport sinking?

Ever since the Kansai Airport construction project was proposed on reclaimed land in the sea, the issue of land subsidence has always occupied the minds of its designers and builders. The airport’s foundation rests on a thick layer of clay, and since the early days of design, there have been varying estimates of how much the island will subside in the coming years.

The method of drying the clay by using the sand columns used to strengthen the seabed causes more settlement of the wet layers that are under the dried layers and are further compressed due to the weight of the island. Of course, it should be mentioned that the weight of the airport building and its planes is almost nothing compared to the huge weight of the stones used to build the island.

According to the International Institute of Civil Engineering, the amount of airport subsidence has decreased from 50 cm in 1994 to 7 cm in 2008.

Reaching the ultimate limit of subsidence

Also, in 2015, a study was conducted on the amount of subsidence of Kansai Airport, the results of which were published in the Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. In the design of the airport, it was predicted that the final amount of subsidence of the island after the stabilization of the soil and reaching the final limit of compression would be such that the airport would be 4 meters above sea level, a height that could still prevent the airport from flooding if the sea walls of the island are destroyed. But this study showed that the first island reached this level of subsidence by 2015 and it is predicted that the second island will reach this level of subsidence between 2023 and 2026. In addition, in the same study, it is predicted that the first island will level with the sea in 2067 and the second island between 2058 and 2100 due to subsidence.

This problem occurred as a result of the design engineers’ incorrect estimation of the actual subsidence of the seabed. Yukako Handa, public relations manager of Kansai Airports Consortium, said in an interview with Air and Space magazine:

During the construction of Kansai Airport, the amount of soil needed to rehabilitate the land in the sea was estimated based on the minimum necessary height and the amount of settlement of the airport after 50 years from the time of its construction.

Kanzai Airport, Japan

Another concern raised in Yukako Handa’s interview is the different amounts of subsidence measured in different parts of the airport. For example, in the center of the main terminal of the airport on the first island, the ground is sinking faster than the two ends of the terminal. Before that, a different subsidence rate was recorded in other areas of the island, for this purpose and to prevent cracking and damage to the landing strip, asphalt was used instead of concrete to restore its surface.

Read More: China owns the world’s most powerful supersonic wind tunnel

Kansai International Airport

What is the solution to deal with unexpected subsidence?

Of course, the rate of airport subsidence in the coming years may differ from current estimates, just as the current rate of subsidence differs from initial estimates. The greater risk of subsidence that threatens the airport is the decrease in its height compared to the water level, which means that storms of any intensity can cause water to rise from the sea walls and flood the airport. Not much can be done to solve the root of this problem, But the predictions made during the construction of the airport allow the engineers to take measures to minimize the damage to the airport and the disruption of its operation.

One of these measures can be increasing the height of the sea walls, which was done once before and at a staggering cost. However, other plans have been proposed to further increase the height of the walls. Singapore’s Straits Times reported that the three-year operation to increase the height of Kansai Airport’s sea walls was approved and started in 2019.

In addition, there are plans to increase the height of the runway by adding new layers of asphalt to it. According to the information presented in this Singaporean newspaper, a budget of 510 million dollars (54 billion yen) has been allocated for this airport to carry out measures to prevent the occurrence of disasters, a figure that could increase due to the ongoing projects.

The entrance to Kanza International Airport in Japan

One of the other preventive measures can be increasing the height of the airport building. As mentioned earlier in the article, the foundation columns of the airport building can be adjusted and this is done by inserting metal plates at the base of the columns. According to the report of Irandaspiz magazine, the process of inspecting the columns and changing their height, if necessary, is done by the contractor every two years.

Kansai Airport, one of several island airports

Despite all these problems, Osaka Kansai Airport has been recognized and praised as an important engineering achievement. With the construction of this airport, important experiences were gained that led to the development of engineering methods to overcome the challenge of land subsidence and of course the construction of more island airports.

One of the other important experiences gained from the construction of Kanzai Airport is the importance of the builders’ attention to the costs of such a project. According to estimates made in 2004, the cost of building this airport was estimated at 8 billion, according to the report of Irandaspis magazine. But in 2008, the cost of construction increased to 20 billion dollars, the main cause of which was the problems that arose in the field of land reclamation and the construction of the artificial island.

In the continuation and at the end of this article, we mention other similar important island airports; We will also provide a brief description of Kobe Airport, which is operated jointly with Kansai and Itami Airports under an agreement.

Hong Kong International Airport

Another one of the world’s most important island airports is located in Hong Kong. Hong Kong International Airport, formerly Chek Lap Kok Airport, was opened in 1998 and replaced the old Kai Tak Airport. Kaitak Airport, which started operating in 1925, was surrounded by extensive urban construction and suffered from the same development problems and noise pollution as Itami Airport.

Itami Airport, Japan

The place to build the artificial island of this airport was chosen in the 1980s. According to the chosen location, it is possible to develop this airport like the Kansai airport, and due to its distance from urban areas, it was possible to carry out 24-hour construction operations and of course to operate it. The materials needed to build the artificial island and rehabilitate the airport land with an area of ​​12.4 square kilometers were provided by two local islands. According to the Hong Kong airport authorities, the airport’s land reclamation operation added 1 percent to the total area of ​​Hong Kong!

Hong Kong International Airport

Like Osaka Kansai Airport, the possibility of implementing development projects for Hong Kong Airport is also foreseen. There are currently plans to build a third runway by reclaiming more land in the northern part of the airport.

Kobe Airport

The city of Kobe, which had not used the opportunity to host Kansai Airport before, started operating its island airport in 2006. Plans to build a special airport for Kobe gained momentum when an earthquake near the city highlighted the need for critical infrastructure such as an airport to help the region’s economic redevelopment.

Kobe Airport is built with a landing strip near the coast of this city and on an artificial island. This airport is much smaller than its counterpart in Kanzai city and is dedicated only to domestic flights and some regional flights.

Kobe Airport

Nagoya Centrair Airport is the second airport in Japan that was built on an artificial island. Of course, it should be mentioned that Nagasaki Airport was built before Chobu Centrair, but its construction was done on an island that was revived and used in another project before that.

The construction of Nagoya Chobu Island and Airport started in 2000 and ended in 2005. This airport is used by the people of Nagoya and its suburbs. It should be noted that this area is the third largest metropolitan area in Japan after Tokyo and Osaka. Here, too, the purpose of building an airport on an island was to stay away from dense urban areas and enable its 24-hour operation. Of course, one of the other motivations for the construction of Chubu Centrair Airport in this place is the presence of heavy industries such as Toyota and Mitsubishi in this area.

Malé Airport in the Maldives

Japan is not the only country that builds its airports on the island. The country of Maldives is also very eager to do this and the reason is simple; There is not enough space to build an airport in this country.

Malé Airport, Maldives

The main airport of the Maldives, Male International Airport, is built on the island of Helhola. Halholah is not an artificial or restored island, but rather a coral island or atoll. This airport has a 3.2 km runway and is only 2 meters above the water level.

What do you think about airport island structures around the world?

Technology

Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop review

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Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop
With the Zephyrus G14 2024, Asus has taken big steps in the right direction and turned its popular 14-inch laptop into a worthy opponent for the MacBook Pro 14.

Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop review

The Zephyrus G14 is a very important laptop; because it was the beginning of a new trend; Four years have passed since the introduction of the first generation G14, at that time there was no foreign 14-inch gaming laptop; But now, thanks to Asus, other companies such as Razer, MSI and HP have entered the field of 14-inch gaming laptops.

Table of Contents
  • Zephyrus G14 2024 video review
  • Compact, well-made, and premium design
  • Stunning OLED display and powerful speakers
  • Standard keyboard and a large trackpad that is not haptic!
  • Powerful hardware with optimal performance
  • The difference in laptop performance profiles
  • Laptop behavior in heavy and continuous processing
  • The difference in laptop performance when connected and disconnected from the power outlet
  • Laptop performance compared to competitors
  • Laptop performance in professional use
  • Laptop performance in Blender software
  • Laptop performance in the game
  • Optimal battery life in normal use
  • Zephyrus G14 2024 against the competition

Now we have the lovely G14 laptop model 2024; A device that, with its powerful hardware, stunning OLED display, minimal design, and high-quality metal body, competes with MacBooks and attracts attention.

To buy the 14-inch Zephyrus G14 laptop or other specific laptops, you can visit the Afrashop online store.

Compact, well-made, and premium design

The main and most impressive change in the 2024 model of the G14 laptop compared to previous generations is a 180-degree change in the strategy of Asus designers; I don’t recall Asus ever turning to machining to design and build its gaming laptops and carving the body out of a single block of aluminum; We have always seen Asus laptops at their best with a body made of aluminum sheets or magnesium alloy.

The lighting behind the Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

Thanks to the change in the manufacturing process of the laptop, has a noticeable effect on the attractiveness and premium feeling of the Zephyrus G14; Asus, in describing its gaming laptop, calls it “a perfect combination of performance and style” and this Taiwanese company is really right!

The body of Zephyrus G14 is much denser than the previous generation and gives a good sense of quality; We don’t hear a “creaking” sound from anywhere on the laptop, the screen frame doesn’t sway, and the surface of the device doesn’t sink when pressing the keys. Of course, with all these improvements, Zephyrus is still not at the level of premium products such as MacBook and Surface; Although it is very close to them.

The thickness of the Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

The dimensions of the G14 2024 body are noticeably more compact than the previous generation; Last year, the thickness of the laptop reached more than 2 cm; But now it does not exceed about 1.6 cm and of course, the weight of the device has become lighter by about 200 grams; More precisely, the dimensions of the body are 1.59-1.63 x 22.0 x 31.1 cm and its weight is about 1.5 kg.

In the slim body of Zephyrus G14, there are various ports; On the left side of the device, you can see Asus’ dedicated charging port, HDMI 2.1 port, a USB4 Type-C port with DisplayPort 2.0 support and 100W power delivery, a full-size USB 3.2 port, and a headphone combo jack; The right side of the laptop hosts a USB 3.2 Type-C port, another full-size USB 3.2 port, and a high-speed microSD port; eCash was a full-size SD memory card slot, so it was more useful for photographers and videographers.

Ports on the left side of the Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop
The ports on the right side of the Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

The 14-inch G14 2024 laptop uses MediaTek’s MT7922 network card, which supports Bluetooth 5.3 and Wi-Fi 6E connectivity and shows stable and satisfactory performance; But if you want, you can easily replace the network card.

In addition to the more compact body, G14 2024 has a much more minimal and simple design; Asus designers have said goodbye to the array of LED lights, or Animematrix, which occupied half of the back of the device in previous models, and instead, they have used a diagonal and narrow strip of LED lights that are placed on the diameter of the laptop, giving it a different and unique look. They gave a laptop. With the help of Asus Armory Crate software, you can customize the lighting effect of these lights or disable them completely.

Working with Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

All in all, the G14’s appearance has now been changed in such a way that it can be taken to meetings as a work laptop, and still maintain a gaming spirit! The Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop can be purchased in white or gray. We have the gray color for review, which looks very attractive and stylish; But soon it gets fingerprints, grease, and stains; So if you are obsessive and sensitive, you should always have a microfiber cloth with you to clean the laptop.

Traces of grease and stains on Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

If you think that the G14’s charms are limited to its exterior, I must say that you would be very wrong; The main surprise happens when you open the laptop door and face its screen; Of course, I must say that the hinge of the laptop is very strong and gives the user a sense of confidence; While it opens with one hand.

Stunning OLED display and powerful speakers

The Zephyrus G14 screen can be described in one word as “stunning”; The 14-inch OLED panel of the laptop with a high aspect ratio of 16:10 and its narrow borders give the laptop a very modern look. On the other hand, like expensive and premium laptops, instead of plastic borders, the integrated glass cover covers the entire display surface; However, this glossy coating reduces the readability of the display in bright environments.

Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop display

Zephyrus G14’s OLED panel with a resolution of 1800 x 2880 pixels and a very good density of 243 pixels provides a clear and sharp image; So that at normal distances from the laptop, the pixels cannot be separated. Asus declares the response time of the panel to be an extremely fast number of 0.2 milliseconds, which is a dream for competitive gamers; But the most impressive feature of the display is its refresh rate.

Zephyrus G14 is the world’s first laptop with an OLED panel that supports variable refresh rate to prevent image tearing while playing games and is compatible with Nvidia’s G-SYNC technology; This feature is one of the most impressive achievements of Asus; I will explain further.

Watching movies with Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

Unlike LCD panels, whose brightness is independent of the image refresh rate, the brightness of OLED panels is provided by the pixels themselves, and this brightness depends on both the intensity of the light produced by the pixels and the image refresh rate; For this reason, if the refresh rate of the image decreases, so-called, the rate of turning on and off pixels also decreases, and as a result, the brightness of the panel decreases.

In order to solve the limitations of the OLED panel, Asus has considered the on-and-off rate of the exposure layer of the pixels to be higher than the refresh rate of the image; This means that when the image is updated at a rate of 120 Hz, the exposure layer is turned on and off with a frequency of 4 times, that is, 480 Hz; So when you are immersed in the game and suddenly the frame rate drops from 100 to 80 fps, the brightness of the image does not drop.

Zephyrus G14 2024 screen performance against other laptops

Laptop/test

White image

Black image

contrast ratio

AdobeRGB

sRGB

DCI-P3

Maximum brightness

Minimum brightness

Average brightness

Native

cover

Average error

cover

Average error

cover

Average error

Zephyrus G14 2024

472 intentions

(730 nits HDR)

0 intentions

95 percent

148 percent

0.8

100 percent

1.4

Zephyrus G14 2023

335 intentions

17 intention

3.28 intentions

102

90 percent

125 percent

100 percent

3.3

MacBook Air 2024

443 intentions

0.00 nits

0.67 nits

661

87.9

100

2.4

98.4

1.9

Zenbook 14

512 intention

(788 nits HDR)

0.27 nits

0 intentions

89.6

2.6

100

0.6

99.7

1.3

Galaxy Book 3 Ultra

441 intentions

4 intentions

0 intentions

97.3

3.7

99.6

1.9

99.8

2.3

MacBook Pro M1 Max

455 intentions

(1497 nits HDR)

0 intentions

0 intentions

85

121.6

97.3

2.5

The OLED panel of the Zephyrus G14 produces eye-catching and very attractive colors, this panel can cover the very wide AdobeRGB color space by about 95%, the DCI P3 wide color space completely, and the conventional sRGB color space by about 148% with an extremely small error of 0.8 to give The precision and extraordinary coverage of the panel make the G14 laptop an excellent choice for graphic designers.

The G14 laptop achieves an excellent brightness of 730 nits while playing HDR videos and when a small part of the image is lit; Of course, be careful that to enjoy HDR content, you must connect the laptop to electricity. Asus says the laptop’s display supports HDR video with the Dolby Vision standard and has received VESA DisplayHDR and Pantone certifications for HDR support and accurate color reproduction, respectively.

Windows lock screen on Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

The Asus gaming laptop achieves a brightness of 472 nits during normal content display (SDR) in Zoomit reviews, which is reasonable brightness and provides a pleasant visual experience along with the ultra-high contrast and deep blacks of the OLED panel; However, the glossiness of the panel cover makes it a little difficult to work with the laptop in bright environments.

Asus has complemented the G14’s exceptional visual experience with a superb audio experience; The G14’s speakers are the closest to Apple’s MacBooks of all the Windows laptops I’ve reviewed so far; If you are familiar with the sound of MacBooks, you know know what a great advantage the G14 has over other Windows.

Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop speakers
Speaker vent under Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

Zefiros G14 uses 6 speakers including two dual woofers; The woofers are placed in pairs on the sides of the laptop in opposite directions (up and down) to prevent the laptop body from vibrating. Asus says the woofers have been enlarged by 125% to produce clearer sound and more punchy bass, while the output volume has also increased by 3.5 times; In reality, the audio experience of the laptop is very pleasing to the ears with little noise and poor sound resolution.

Standard keyboard and a large trackpad that is not haptic!

The 14-inch Asus laptop also has a very efficient keyboard, the depth of movement of the G14 island keys reaches a very good number of 1.7 mm, the size of the keys has increased by 12.24% compared to the previous generation, and their feedback is satisfactory. The keys have a standard arrangement and distance from each other; So that after a short time, you get used to typing with the device. Asus estimates the useful life of the keys up to 20 million times.

Typing with Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

Perhaps one of my complaints about the design of the keyboard is its 6-sided power button, which does not have any visual harmony with the rest of the laptop. Don’t be fooled by the fact that the button is made of glass. Because there is no fingerprint sensor in G14; But fortunately, you can rely on facial recognition with Windows Hello for authentication.

Windows Hello with Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

The webcam of the device also provides the possibility of video calling with 1080p resolution, which is not at the level of Microsoft Surfaces; Instead, thanks to the neural processing unit at the heart of the processor, Windows Effects Studio can be used for tasks such as subject tracking and automatic frame adjustment, maintaining eye contact and blurring the background in video calls.

Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop trackpad

The G14 trackpad is very wide and is located in the middle of the laptop so as not to trigger OCD users; ASUS designers have used a 3:2 aspect ratio for the trackpad to match the aspect ratio of the display. The clicks have very good feedback the finger slides easily on the glass surface of the trackpad and its movement is tracked with great accuracy; But I expect a 100 million Toman laptop to use a haptic trackpad instead of mechanical buttons for the click mechanism, just like MacBooks; I hope we will see such a change in the next generation.

Powerful hardware with optimal performance

What we have said about the body and accessories of the laptop is enough; Let’s talk about the most important aspect of gaming laptops; What power does Zephyrus G14 have and how does it appear in playing games?

This year, Asus keeps the powerful RTX 4080 and RTX 4090 graphics exclusive to the larger G16 laptop and offers the 14-inch G14 laptop with 4060 and 4070 graphics; Although it is apparently available in the Iranian market with 4050 graphics. By limiting the G14 to less powerful graphics and injecting 90 watts into the GPU, Asus engineers have managed to make the laptop slimmer. We have the 4070 model for review, which is currently sold in the market at the price of 115 to 120 million Tomans.

Running the game with Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

All three configurations (config in market terms) of Zephyrus G14 are powered by AMD Ryzen 9 8945HS processor; The processor, which is one of AMD’s powerful laptop models from the Ryzen 8000 family with Zen 4 architecture, is produced with improved 5nm class lithography (4nm according to the manufacturer) and works with a TDP equivalent to 45W by default. This processor uses 8 cores with a base frequency of 4 and a turbo frequency of 5.2 GHz and has the ability to simultaneously process 16 instruction threads.

AMD calls its laptop processor an APU (accelerated processing unit); Because in its heart, in addition to the CPU, the Radeon 780M integrated graphics uses 12 graphics cores with RDNA3 architecture and a working frequency of 2.8 GHz, and offers performance at the level of Nvidia’s GTX 1650 Max-Q graphics. Next to the graphics, the name of the AMD neural processing unit is also visible, which can perform 16 trillion operations per second.

Zephyrus G14 2024 storage performance

Laptop/Performance

SSD volume

Sequential reading rate

Sequential write rate

Zephyrus G14 2024

One TB SSD

4997 megabytes

3431 MB

Zephyrus G14 2022

One TB SSD

3617 MB

2832 MB

HP Specter x360 16

One TB SSD

6389 megabytes

4908 MB

Zephyrus M16 2022

One TB SSD

6631 megabytes

5015 MB

The Ryzen 8945HS processor supports dual-channel RAM DDR5-5600 and LPDDR5x-7500 with a capacity of up to 256 GB, But the Taiwanese sell the G14 2024 laptop with 16 or 32 GB LPDDR5x-6400 RAM; A piece that pays the price of the laptop becoming thinner and unlike the previous generation, it is now onboard and cannot be upgraded.

Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop SSD performance

Asus uses a high-speed PCIe 4.0 1TB SSD in all versions of the Zephyrus G14, which achieved read and write speeds of around 5GB and 3.5GB/s in our tests. Zephyrus G14 SSD is not among the fastest, But it fully meets the user’s needs and most importantly, it can be upgraded.

The difference in laptop performance profiles

Before talking about the performance of the device, let’s clarify a little about Asus performance profiles; Because probably most of the users do not know about the existence of these profiles and their effect on the overall performance of the laptop.

For its gaming laptops, Asus has a software called Armory Crate, which can be used to control various parts of the device, from the color profiles of the display to the lighting, and of course the performance profile of the graphics and CPU. In this software, you can change the behavior of the graphics, and adjust the amount of power injected to the graphics and CPU and the speed of the fans.

Working with Armory Crate software on Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

As for the graphics behavior, we have four modes:

  • Optimized mode: Asus recommends it; With this mode, if the laptop is disconnected from the power supply, the Nvidia graphics will be disabled, and when connected to the power supply, the device will go to the Nvidia graphics only in heavy usage such as playing games.
  • Eco Mode: As the name suggests, it completely shuts down the Nvidia graphics under all conditions.
  • Standard mode: It is Microsoft’s protocol (MSHybrid) and Windows decides when to go for Nvidia graphics or integrated graphics. Although Asus recommends the Optimized mode, But the laptop defaults to Standard mode.
  • Ultimate Mode: The integrated graphics is completely removed from the circuit and the screen is connected directly to the Nvidia graphics. This mode has the highest battery consumption, But it may slightly improve the frame rate in some games.

The settings related to the performance profiles of the cooling fans and the power consumption of the processor and graphics of the laptop are as follows:

  • Manual profile: the user can change the parameters related to power consumption and fans at will.
  • Turbo profile: injects the maximum amount of power to the graphics and processor and is only available when connected to the power supply; In this profile, the laptop is literally noisy and the fans are running most of the time. In the following, you can see that there is not much improvement in the performance of the laptop.
  • Performance profile: This is the default profile of the laptop, the sound of the fans is not annoying and the performance of the device is almost equal to the Turbo profile.
  • Silent profile: limits the power consumption of the device to reduce the production heat and use less fans. In this CPU performance profile, at least in daily use, it does not suffer much; But the graphics performance experiences a 50-60% drop when connected to electricity.
  • Windows profile: the power consumption and heat management of the device is entrusted to Windows itself; Surprisingly, even when using other profiles, when unplugging the laptop, the Windows battery setting changes from Best Performance to Balanced, which negatively affects the performance of the device.

Practically, with Armory Crate software, you can set 20 different modes for laptop performance; But in general, it must be said that the existence of so many profiles and colorful performance modes has no result other than confusing the user; A user who is probably not aware of the existence of a software like Armory Crate and its purpose, and of course he should not be aware, he should not think about the performance profile and power consumption, he should always get the right combination of performance and good charging from the laptop with the least challenge. .

G14 2024 performance in different performance profiles

profile/parameter

CPU power consumption

CineBench 2024

GPU power consumption

3DMark TimeSpy

Turbo

75 watt turbo

60 watts stable

914 (multi-core)

70 to 80 watts

10172

Performance

65-watt turbo

45W stable

918 (multi-core)

60 watts

9572

Silent

65-watt turbo

35 watts stable

862 (multi-core)

57-watt turbo

33 watts stable

5582

In the table above, you can see the result of selecting a number of Asus performance profiles along with the scores obtained in the benchmarks with these profiles. Based on the obtained numbers, it is clear that the Turbo profile does not make a significant improvement in the performance of the device, despite the high noise, noticeable increase in power consumption, and the heat it produces.

Laptop behavior in heavy and continuous processing

Due to the inefficiency of the Turbo profile and the drastic drop in graphics performance in the Silent profile, we will put the Performance profile under the microscope. In the first step, it is better to check the behavior of the laptop when connected to the electrical outlet (Plugged) and separated from the electrical outlet (Unplugged).

When the Ryzen 9 8945HS processor in the Dell G14 2024 laptop is under pressure with the CineBench 2024 rendering benchmark, the device with the Performance profile, in both Plugged and Unplugged states, works more or less with the same strategy of the processor; But as you can see below, apparently this strategy is only limited to the CineBench benchmark; Because in other software, we see a noticeable drop in performance.

Power consumption of Ryzen 9 8945HS processor in Asus G14 2024 laptopCPU power consumption
 
Ryzen 9 8945HS processor clock in Asus G14 2024 laptop
CPU clock
Ryzen 9 8945HS processor temperature in Asus G14 2024 laptop
The temperature of the hottest processor core

The G14 2024 laptop injects about 65 watts of power into the processor in the initial moments, then it works with about 55 watts of power from the processor for a few minutes until it finally stabilizes at about 45 watts. The frequency reaches 4.7 GHz at best and finally stabilizes at 4.3-4.4 GHz; While the temperature first increases to 87-88 degrees Celsius, then it fluctuates in the range of 80 degrees Celsius.

Contrary to what we saw about the processor, there is a huge difference between the graphics performance in the Plugged and Unplugged state. When the G14 2024 laptop is subjected to a heavy processing load in the Performance profile for 20 minutes with the heavy graphics benchmark 3DMark TimeSpy, in the plugged state, the power consumption fluctuates in the range of 60 watts, and in the unplugged state, the power consumption remains in the range of 42-43 watts; Therefore, there is a 30% drop in power consumption.

Power consumption of RTX 4070 graphics in Asus G14 2024 laptopGraphics power consumption
RTX 4070 graphics clock in Asus G14 2024 laptop
Graphic clock
RTX 4070 graphics temperature in Asus G14 2024 laptop
The temperature of the hottest point of the graphic

In the performance stability test, the RTX 4070 graphics frequency works with a frequency of about 1600 MHz in Plugged mode and about 1400 MHz in Unplugged mode, and the temperature of its hottest point reaches 92-93 and 80 degrees Celsius in these two modes. As you can see, in graphics processing, the device gets hotter than CPU-based processing.

The difference in laptop performance when connected and disconnected from the power outlet

One of the main points about the laptop, which often remains hidden from the eyes of the buyer, is the difference in its performance when connected and disconnected from the power outlet (Plugged and Unplugged); Can a laptop provide the same performance in battery-powered mode as in plugged-in mode? The answer to this question for Windows laptops was a resounding “no” until the release of devices equipped with Snapdragon X processors and a handful of Intel and AMD processors. Can the G14 2024 surprise you?

G14 2024 operation in plugged and unplugged mode

profile/parameter

GeekBench 6.3

Speedometer 2.1

Python code

Premiere Pro

Photoshop

Forza Horizon 5 – QHD

Performance

Plugged

2568

12946

322

40.8 seconds

8253

7350

70 frames per second

Performance

Unplugged

2325

8787

201

45 seconds

6637

6199

30 frames per second

The G14 2024 laptop in the stress test and performance stability that we did with the CineBench 2024 benchmark, practically provided the same performance in the Plugged and Unplugged state; But as you can see in the table above, we did not get the same result for other software and benchmarks. Unfortunately, the G14 appears between 10 and 60% weaker in Unplugged mode and when browsing the web, running Python code, working with Photoshop and Premiere Pro, or even playing Forza Horizon 5.

Laptop performance compared to competitors

Now let us measure the performance of Zephyrus G14 2024 in comparison with its competitors and its previous generation. Please note that in the continuation of the review, we obtained the benchmarks in the condition that the laptop was connected to the power outlet and used the Performance profile.

Note that in order to get a correct idea of ​​G14 2024’s performance, some benchmarks have tried to reflect the results of MacBook Pro M3 Pro and Zephyrus G16 Core Ultra 9 185H from reliable foreign media; Because these two laptops with a price tag of 100 to 120 million tomans are the main competitors of G14 2024.

Zephyrus G14 2024 performance against competitors (plugged in)

Laptop/benchmark

Technical Specifications

Web browsing

Performance in graphics

CPU performance in rendering

CPU computing power

GPU computing power

3 Dark

CineBench R23

GeekBench 6

GeekBench 6

Speedometer 2.1

TimeSpy

Single

Multi

Single

Multi

OpenCL

Metal/Vulkan

DirectX 12

Zephyrus G14 2024

Ryzen 9 8945HS

RTX 4070

322

9572

1759

16088

2568

12946

112783

103313

Zephyrus G14 2022

Ryzen 9 6900HS

RX 6800S

235

9075

1536

14218

2021

9435

72595

80580

* MacBook Pro 14

M3 Pro

14 Core GPU

677

1889

13289

3125

13755

41736

68417

* Zephyrus G16 2024

Core Ultra 9 185H

RTX 4070

10989

1803

17452

2556

14460

114126

MacBook Air 2024

M3

8 Core GPU

680

1897

9872

3143

2008

25845

41671

Zenbook 14

Core Ultra 7 155H

Intel Arc GPU

396

3453

1637

13367

2290

12256

34889

38268

MacBook Pro 14 inch 2021

M1 Max

24Core GPU

300

1549

12508

2378

12239

65432

101045

Zephyrus G14 2024 experiences significant improvement in benchmarks compared to the 2022 model; But since Ryzen 9 7945HS and Ryzen 9 8945HS do not have any noticeable difference apart from the neural processing engine, you will probably not experience a significant improvement compared to the 2023 model.

We haven’t reviewed the MacBook Pro M3 Pro and the Zephyrus G16 2024, the G14’s main competitors on Zoomit; But to some extent, I must say that MacBook Pro outperforms G14 in single-core processing with a 20% difference and G16 in multi-core processing with a 10-15% difference. Another notable issue is the G14’s stark performance gap with the MacBook in web browsing.

If we use computing power as the benchmark to compare graphics performance, the RTX 4070 GPUs in the G14 and G16 laptops offer more or less the same performance; But the MacBook Pro loses to the G14 2024 by a huge margin of 60%.

Laptop performance in professional use

In order to measure the performance of the Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop in professional use as well, we went to Photoshop software, Premiere Pro, running code written in Python and Blender software.

Laptop performance in Photoshop

In the Photoshop software test, which includes tasks such as opening the RAW file, changing the size of photos, correcting the lens, and reducing noise, the G14 2024 laptop remains behind its competitors G16 2024 and MacBook Pro M3 Pro with a difference of 10 and 25%, respectively.

G14 2024 laptop performance in Photoshop

Note that the above result was obtained when the laptop is connected to the power outlet; If we disconnect the G14 from the power supply, we reach a score of 6199; While the MacBook Pro offers the same performance when unplugged; Therefore, unplugged mode, the performance gap between the two laptops increases from 25% to about 40%.

Laptop performance in Premier Pro

In the Premier Pro test, tasks such as outputting 8-bit and 50 Mbps 4K videos with HEVC and H.264 codecs, processing ProRes UHD videos with and without proxy, and implementing graphic effects are examined. In this test, the G14 laptop was able to beat the MacBook Pro M3 Pro by 35%; But it remained with a 10% difference from G16.

Performance of the G14 2024 laptop running Premier Pro

If we disconnect the G14 2024 from the power outlet, its score in the Premier Pro test drops by 20% to 6637, which is still higher than the MacBook Pro M3 Pro by about 10%.

Laptop performance in Python code execution

In the Mandelbrot series benchmark, which is written in Python to find the points of a fractal on a mixed screen, the G14 2024 performed brilliantly thanks to its powerful processor that when using Windows PowerShell, the calculation of fractal points was completed 10% faster than the MacBook Air M3 and 32% faster than the powerful and expensive GalaxyBook 3 Ultra laptop.

G14 2024 laptop performance in Python code execution

Windows provides the possibility of using the Linux terminal thanks to its Linux subsystem called WSL. If we use WSL to run the benchmark, the G14’s performance gap with the MacBook Air and GalaxyBook 3 Ultra increases to 36 and 65 percent, respectively.

Laptop performance in Blender software

Blender 3D modeling software can render with the help of CPU and GPU; To evaluate the performance of the G14 laptop, we ran the Blender software benchmark both on CPU and GPU.

Asus G14 2024 laptop performance in Blender software with processor

As you can see in the chart above, the Ryzen 9 8945HS processor in the Dell G14 laptop is slightly weaker than the 11-core M3 Pro processor in the 14-inch MacBook Pro laptop.

Asus G14 2024 laptop performance in Blender software with graphics

Nvidia’s powerful graphics show its extraordinary processing power well in the graphics rendering test in Blender software. In this test, the G14 2024 laptop outperforms the MacBook Pro M3 Pro by a margin of 175% and is ahead of the GalaxyBook 3 Ultra laptop by a margin of 60%.

Laptop performance in the game

The Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop runs most games easily and with a frame rate of more than 70 frames per second in 1080p resolution. The laptop provides good performance in optimal games such as Forza Horizon 5 even in QHD resolution; But to experience other heavy games in QHD resolution, you should use technologies such as DLSS and Frame Generation.

Zephyrus G14 2024 performance in games

Game/Performance

Clarity

Graphics settings

Average frame rate

Cyberpunk 2077

1440p

RT On – Ultra

DLSS On-Quality

Frame Generation On

43 frames per second

1440p

RT Off

DLSS Off

Texture Quality: High

38 frames per second

1080p

RT On – Ultra

DLSS On-Quality

Frame Generation On

75 frames per second

Forza Horizon 5

1440p

Extreme

70 frames per second

FarCry 6

1440p

Ultra quality

63 frames per second

Red Dead Redemption 2

1440p

Ultra quality

51 frames per second

1080p

Ultra quality

68 frames per second

Returnal

1080p

Epic

91 frames per second

Note that all the above results were obtained when the laptop was plugged in; If you want to play in unplugged mode, to have a satisfactory experience, you need to reduce the graphics settings to medium, otherwise, the frame rate will drop a lot; For example, in the case of Forza Horizon 5, the frame rate dropped from 70 to 30 fps.

Optimal battery life in normal use

The Zephyrus G14 laptop provides the energy it needs through a rather bulky 73-watt-hour battery; Along with the laptop, the Taiwanese provide the user with a 180-watt adapter that can charge 50% of the battery capacity within 30 minutes; Asus also provides a compact 100W USB-C charger with the device, which makes it easier to carry the laptop, while you can also use it to charge your smartphone.

Read more: Asus Zenbook 14 OLED laptop review

Zephyrus G14 2024 battery life compared to other laptops

Laptop/Test

Functional profile

hardware

Display

Battery capacity

Play offline video

Everyday use

Processor and graphics

Dimensions, resolution, and refresh rate

watt-hours

720p Video

PCMark 10

minute: hour

minute: hour

Zephyrus G14 2024

Performance

Ryzen 9 8945HS

RTX 4070

14 inches and 120 Hz

1800 x 2880 pixels

73

7:47

6:20

Zephyrus G14 2022

Performance

Ryzen 9 6900HS

RX 6800S

14 inches and 120 Hz

1600 x 2560 pixels

76

5:50

4:03

MacBook Air 2024

Apple M3

8 core GPU

13.6 inches and 60 Hz

1664 x 2560 pixels

52.6

14:13

Zenbook 14

Performance

Core Ultra 7-155H

Intel Arc

14 inches and 120 Hz

1800 x 2880 pixels

75

17:25

9:09

Galaxy Book 3 Ultra

Performance

Core i7-13700H

RTX 4050

16 inches and 120 Hz

1880 x 2880 pixels

76

11:00

6:21

MacBook Pro 14-inch 2021

M1 Max

24Core GPU

14.2 inches and 120 Hz

1964 x 3024 pixels

70

18:14

Zephyrus G14 2024 lasts about 2 hours longer than the 2022 model in daily use and movie playback; But compared to MacBook Pro and MacBook Air or laptops equipped with Core Ultra processors, there is not much to say; However, overall, it seems that you can count on the G14 2024 for a working day in normal and everyday use.

Zephyrus G14 2024 against the competition

Zephyrus G14 2024 is not the most powerful Windows laptop on the market; But the combination it offers in its price range, at least in the Iranian market, cannot be seen in any other Windows laptop; In the range of 100 to 120 million Tomans, Windows laptops are clumsy and worse devices with monstrous hardware or premium ultrabooks with weak hardware.

Forza game on Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

J14 is a powerful and compact laptop with extremely high build quality, a stunning display, and ear-splitting speakers, which can last a full working day in daily use, offers performance on par with or close to MacBook Pro M3 Pro, and at the same time, it can also meet your gaming needs. Currently, among Windows devices in the Iranian market, only Asus’ own G16 2024 laptop can offer a similar combination.

Video editing with Asus Zephyrus G14 2024 laptop

If you are looking to buy Zephyrus G14 2024, go for the model equipped with RTX 4060; Because this graphic is a more suitable choice for the 14-inch dimensions and thin thickness of the G14, it is not much different from the RTX 4070 model in professional applications such as video editing with Premier Pro, and it is also about 20 million Tomans cheaper.

What do you think about G14 2024? If you are a Windows laptop fan, which one would you choose between this laptop and the G16 2024?

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Technology

Getting to know the most advanced humanoid robots

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humanoid robots
If you think that the world of technology has amazed you enough so far, join us as we learn more about the most advanced humanoid robots.

Getting to know the most advanced humanoid robots

Today’s technology companies have a mission that they strive to achieve with all their might, and this mission is nothing but the realization of every creature, gadget, and robot that we have seen before in science fiction movies. So here we’ll get to know the most advanced humanoid robots.

Imagine a world where when you go shopping you hand your credit card to robots to count your purchase, or when you order pizza, a robot delivers it to you. Maybe a decade ago, the idea of ​​robots walking next to us on the street or taking the place of humans in various jobs was far from mind; But how would you feel if we told you that right now there is a robot in the world who is the CEO of a company?

Let me guess! You probably don’t like competing with robots because we know almost nothing about them and can’t even guess their next move; But whether we like it or not, they have gradually come out of water and mud and artificial intelligence is trying to show us its other side.

Now we are going to introduce you to eight of the most advanced humanoid robots according to Business Insider’s list; From a robot that simulates our dreams to a robot that can do yoga. Stay with us.

This is you and this two-legged robot from Apptronik: “Apollo”

Apollo robot delivering the box

Optronic’s bipedal robot arrived in August this year, and many consider it the “iPhone” of the world of robots. Jeff Cardenas, CEO of Optronic, says:

We want to produce human-sized robots, because only then can they go where we can go and do things similar to what we do. Apollo did not come to sideline humans, but to do things that humans don’t want to do.

Apollo weighs 73 kg, is 1.70 m tall, and requires battery replacement every four hours. Optronics began its work in 2016 at the University of Texas’ Human-Centered Robotics Laboratory, and in a short period of time it has reached such a high point that it has now signed a contract with NASA that will greatly help the development of its robots.

Optronik company tries to justify the existence of humanoid robots with the slogan “Robot for humans” and considers the reason for the production of Apollo to help humans in dangerous tasks.

NASA astronaut robot: “Valkyrie”

NASA's Valkyrie robot walking among employees

NASA’s Valkyrie robot was unveiled in 2013 with the aim of “doing dangerous work”. This robot, which NASA calls R5, is designed to be able to travel to the dangerous and uninhabitable regions of the Moon, Mars, and space.

The University of Edinburgh is now using Valkyrie in its research, calling it “one of the most advanced humanoids in the world”. Valkyrie or its more advanced descendants could greatly assist NASA in advancing its ground robotics goals and the Artemis mission.

Amca simulates our dreams

Amka humanoid robot laughing

Some time ago, in a video published on the Engineered Arts YouTube account, Ameca claimed that it can simulate the dreams of humans by drawing different scenarios and learning more about the world with them. The mentioned video caused a lot of controversy, so if we consider Amka as the Elon Musk of the world of robots, we are not unfair to him.

Amca is the Elon Musk of the world of robots

After backlash on social media, Will Jackson, co-founder of Engineered Arts, announced in an interview that Amka answers questions using the ChatGPT-3 artificial intelligence and can neither feel nor have long-term memory. He also said:

Remember that Amca works with code and is just a language model. It’s very tempting to apply human characteristics to robots, but don’t fool yourself; This is nothing but an illusion for now.

However, if you’ve seen Amka’s controversial video, you might agree with the critics. In this video, he is asked if he can dream. And in disbelief, he gives an answer that may make you doubt the health of your ears. “Yes, actually I had a dream last night about dinosaurs fighting aliens on Mars,” Amka confidently replies.

Then he continues, “Just kidding, I can’t dream like a human! “But I can create scenarios in my head, simulate dreams, and learn about the world.”

“The saddest day for me was the day I realized I would never experience true love,” Amka said in another video. Another interesting point is that Amka changes his facial expressions with the help of GPT-3 when saying these strange sentences, which can scare many people.

Digit can carry postal packages

Digit humanoid robot moving the box

Digit, unveiled in 2019, has legs, arms, and a torso full of sensors that help him navigate rough surfaces and obstacles.

The robot can carry packages, empty warehouses, and deliver people’s mail packages. Right now, Amazon’s research and development center is testing Digit to make it easier to move packages in its distribution centers.

Digit’s capabilities are currently not very extensive; But walking on narrow ledges, bending over, picking up objects, and other simple tasks can be very efficient in the future.

Mika, the robot, is the CEO of a beverage company

Mika's humanoid robot giving a speech

Dictator Company, the world’s famous beverage maker, last year chose a two-legged robot named Mika as its CEO. By identifying the tastes of the customers, Mika chooses different people to design the drink bottles.

Mika is the first robot in the world who has a valid university degree

If you think you have been surprised enough by now, I must say that the story does not end there; Because Mika even received an honorary degree from the University of Warsaw!

Some time ago, a journalist took to the streets in New York to ask people what they thought about the CEO’s humanoid robot and got some interesting results. At first, someone replied, “I don’t think robots deserve that kind of respect because they’re just machines.” Another participant believed that with the current trend, more jobs will be taken away from humans and will be given to robots.

Tesla’s Optimus robot can do yoga

Tesla's humanoid robot doing yoga

Optimus arrived in 2022 and at first he could hardly walk; But Elon Musk, with his famous ambition, said that in the next three to five years, Tesla will be able to start mass production of this robot and offer it to enthusiasts.

Optimus couldn’t even walk, but he could probably be dancing in a few years

In this short period of time, Optimus, which is also known as “Tesla Bot”, has made a lot of progress and can potentially play a role in the assembly and production lines of vehicles, batteries, and the production of Tesla’s solar panels. Optimus learns what humans do by watching.

The famous robot “Sophia” speaks at world conferences

Sophia the humanoid robot giving a speech in Indian dress

Sophia, the humanoid robot from Hanson Robotics, probably has the most realistic face compared to its competitors, equipped with artificial skin that can be adjusted in color.

Sophia has acquired the legal citizenship of Saudi Arabia

The interactive robot of Hanson Robotics has so far spoken at important conferences, which has brought him many successes; Because by using artificial intelligence, he can make effective speeches and change his face and hands according to human emotions.

One of Sofia’s other honors is receiving the citizenship of Saudi Arabia. Sophia is the only robot that has received the legal citizenship of a country.

Sophia's humanoid skin

This Hong Kong-based company plans to develop the ability to understand and feel real Sophia in the long term and turn it into an adult robot with human characteristics; Although the head of Facebook’s artificial intelligence department, the creator of Sophia considers it a “puppet walker” who tries to make it look intelligent.

Boston Dynamics’ “Atlas” robot can do parkour

Atlas humanoid robot jumping over obstacles

If you have seen the Black Mirror series, you are familiar with Boston Dynamics’ robot dogs. These robot dogs, known as Spots, are integrated with ChatGPT and can speak in complete sentences.

After the successful production of robot dogs, Boston Dynamics decided to create a humanoid bipedal robot, and the result was the Atlas robot; A robot that works both outdoors and indoors and can move quickly and jump over obstacles. Unlike the other robots we introduced, the Atlas robot does not have the ability to smile or turn its eyes, in fact, it does not have a face at all; But it does great things.

Atlas can be a skilled firefighter

Atlas hardware uses 3D printing to be lightweight and turns this robot into a compact humanoid device that has the ability to manipulate various objects and can maintain its balance against strong pushing and shaking even if it loses its balance. He can get up again.

Other features of Atlas include the ability to find leaking pipes, walk through rubble, climb ladders, operate fire hoses, and drive vehicles.

Conclusion: Is developing humanoid robots a bad idea?

There’s no doubt that humans don’t feel good about humanoid robots, and I think if bipeds had feelings, they’d probably resent us in return; But what is the root of this anger towards humanoid robots? That is, everything is under the head of the “Uncanny Valley” effect, which makes the perfect dissimilarity of the humanoid robot to the real person create an unpleasant feeling in us, or are there more complicated and serious factors at work?

Despite much research, there is still no exact answer to this question; But maybe the development of humanoid robots will make us feel less human. Perhaps the thought that we will one day not be the only intelligent beings on earth infuriates us.

However, robots have yet to do terrible things to us humans, and there are even reports that robots can teach autistic children social skills.

Incidentally, if we look at the story from another angle, we could probably have a peaceful coexistence with bipedal robots and do things like playing chess with them. Fortunately, when it comes to reasoning and creativity, the companies that make the robots have only given basic training and we still have a chance to win against them.

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Galaxy Ring was unveiled; Samsung’s very smart ring at an almost reasonable price

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Galaxy Ring
Samsung Galaxy Ring was introduced with various health features including continuous heart rate measurement, sleep monitoring, skin temperature sensor along with artificial intelligence features.

Galaxy Ring was unveiled; Samsung’s very smart ring at an almost reasonable price

Samsung at the Unpacked event alongside the Galaxy Z Fold 6 and Galaxy Z Flip 6 foldable phonesAt the Unpacked event, Samsung officially unveiled its smart ring called the Galaxy Ring, a foldable phone. Relying on the power of Galaxy AI, this product provides a smart health experience for everyone.

“The latest Galaxy wearables are a combination of Samsung’s most advanced technologies and innovations, enabling you to take control of your health and wellness with care and preventative solutions,” said TM Rowe, director of Samsung’s Mobile Experience (MX). “The intelligence, planning, and deep understanding and awareness that Galaxy Ring provides will help users turn data into meaningful goals and experience a new era of smart health.”

Galaxy Ring offers a simple approach to monitoring users’ health. This product uses Samsung’s precise sensor technology, which now provides information in its smallest form to the user so that he can easily monitor and control his health.

Galaxy Ring

The Samsung smart ring is designed to be used 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. This product weighs only 2.3 to 3 grams, and as a result, it conveys a more comfortable feeling to the user during long-term use. The distinctive design known as Concave Design has made the Galaxy Ring, in addition to its fresh and attractive appearance, to have good durability and resistance. This product has an IP68 certificate; Therefore, it is resistant to water penetration, and due to the grade 5 titanium coating, you can safely use it anywhere without worrying about possible damage.

Galaxy Ring

Galaxy Ring lasts up to 7 days of continuous use with each full charge, and a special charging frame is designed for it, which shows the charging status with LED lighting. You can choose one of the three colors black, silver, and gold according to your style and taste. In addition, the special sizing kit helps the user to choose the most suitable size from among 9 options.

Samsung Galaxy Ring
Samsung Galaxy Ring

With Galaxy Ring, you can enjoy the capabilities and features of this product at any hour of the day and in any situation. These features are personalized according to the needs of each user and with the help of advanced artificial intelligence technology become more powerful over time with the help of Samsung’s

All the data and information that the Galaxy Ring collects about the user’s health status is stored in the Samsung Health platform so that you can seamlessly access it through your other devices.

Sleep plays a central role as one of the important foundations of daily health, and Galaxy Ring offers the best sleep analysis capabilities and helps you understand your sleep patterns and create better and healthier habits with a powerful artificial intelligence algorithm.

In addition to providing a sleep score (Sleep Score) and examining snoring and noises during sleep, these features check other criteria such as movement during sleep, sleep duration, heart rate, and breathing rate to provide a detailed and detailed analysis.

Galaxy Ring

Samsung

Galaxy Ring’s Cycle Tracking feature for women monitors their menstrual cycle by checking their skin temperature overnight. Overall, you can use Galaxy Ring data as motivation to start your day fresher and more energetic. It starts with Galaxy AI, which provides detailed and accurate health reports based on various metrics.

The new Energy Score function is one of the features of Galaxy AI that informs you of the solutions and methods that increase the level of health. This means that by knowing your physical condition and energy score, you can create a suitable plan to improve your health.

Galaxy ring in hand

Samsung

The Energy Score feature calculates your physical and mental health based on four metrics: sleep, activity level, heart rate during sleep, and heart rate variability during sleep. In addition, the Wellness Tips feature provides personalized tips and recommendations tailored to each user’s condition by analyzing data and health information.

Galaxy Ring with the Heart Rate Alert function, when the heart rate is abnormally low or high, it informs the user instantly through the Samsung Health application. The Live Heart Rate Check feature also provides the user with more details about heart rate, beats per minute, duration, and start time.

Galaxy Ring

According to Samsung’s claim, the Galaxy Ring will help you lead an active and energetic lifestyle and keep track of your workouts with more motivation. The automatic detection of exercise in this smart ring tracks the amount of walking and running you do and warns you if you are not physically active.

Other features of Galaxy Ring include support for motion gestures. For example, you can take a photo or turn off the phone’s alarm by swiping two fingers together twice. In addition, it is possible to track the location of the Galaxy Ring through Find My Ring on Samsung Find.

The price of the Galaxy Ring is $400 and will be available in selected markets from July 24 (August 3, 1403).

Samsung Galaxy Ring technical specifications
Introduction July 10, 2024
another name Samsung SM-Q500NZKAXAR Samsung SM-Q500NZKAXAR Samsung SM-Q500NZSAXAR Samsung SM-Q500NZSAXAR Samsung SM-Q500NZDAXAR Samsung SM-Q500NZDAXAR
Condition Release in the near future (July 24, 2024)
Dimensions It has 9 sizes from 5 to 13 7.0 x 2.6 mm (ring) 48.9 x 48.9 x 24.51 mm (charging compartment)
Weight 2.3 grams (ring size 5) 3.0 grams (ring size 13) 61.3 grams (charge compartment)
Other body specifications The body of the ring is made of grade 5 titanium The body of the charging compartment is made of stainless steel and plastic IP68 (resistant to dust and water up to a depth of 1 meter and up to 30 minutes) Resistant to water penetration up to a pressure of 10 atmospheres (100 meters deep)
internal memory 8 MB
battery Non-replaceable battery with a capacity of 18 mAh (ring size 5) Non-replaceable battery with a capacity of 23.5 mAh (ring size 13) Non-replaceable battery with a capacity of 361 mAh (charging compartment)
standby Up to 7 days
Sensors Optical heart rate sensor, accelerometer, body thermometer
Other specifications and features Support for various sports modes, heart rate monitoring, sleep monitoring, women’s health monitoring, pedometer, distance traveled calculation, calorie consumption calculation, Galaxy AI support
Technology does not have
Wireless Network does not have
Bluetooth Yes, version 5.4 LE
GPS does not have
NFC does not have
USB does not have
Colors Black, silver, gold
Price range About $400

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